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World History - 9th: Poetry for Imperialism

Guides for 9th Grade World History


Write Poetry

Poetry Posters

How To Poem




Cinquain 1

Cinquain 2


Iambic Pentameter

Blank Verse / Heroic Couplet

Sonnet: Shakespearean

Sonnet: Petrarch

Found Poem

Free Verse



Read Poetry

Search Poetry (in the Library Catalog)

Search Titles Search Authors Search Subjects Search Keywords Search Series
Advanced Search

A Subject Search for "Poetry" in the Online Catalog is recommended.

If you'd like to browse the library, here are some Dewey Decimal Numbers:

  • 808.81  is Poetry Anthologies
  • 809.1 is Poetry Criticism
  • 811 is American Poetry
  • 821 is British Poetry
    • 822.33 has Shakespeare's Sonnets
  • 841 is French Poetry (including translations)
  • 861 is Spanish Poetry (incl. translations)
  • 871-874 is Latin Poetry
  • 881-884 is Greek Poetry
  • the 890s are all "non-Western" languages

Read About Poetry

Study Poetry

Gale Databases

Useful for finding literary criticism or analysis of poetry.

EBSCO Databases

Literary Reference Center

Experience Poetry

eBooks for Imperialism research.

Political Cartoons

Library Databases for Imperialism

Encyclopedia Britannica Online

GALE Databases

These are a sampling of topic-specific article databases from Gale that may be useful to you.


EBSCO History Reference Center

EBSCO History Reference Cener
Limit Your Results



Navies: Navies provide countries with the ability to access and dominate other countries that may not share a border with them.

American -- British -- French  -- Japanese -- Russian -- Chinese

Racism: Depicting the inhabitants of a Country as ‘less than/inferior,’ ‘other,’ ‘backward,’ ‘in need of saving,’ ‘deserving or domination/predisposed to domination’ ‘heathen,’ ‘savages (or Noble Savages),’ ‘hordes,’ and other similar ideas of is typical of a nation’s imperial project.  

Resistance/Responses: Despite the dangers of resisting imperial domination, people around the world resisted nonetheless with varying degrees of effectiveness. Sometimes these efforts began immediately to prevent foreign domination while in other cases they began after the dominant country took control. Resistance efforts varied in terms of armed resistance, nationalizing foreign firms, and peaceful protest.  

Zulu -- Ethiopian -- Maori -- India -- Cuba -- Comanche -- Nez Perce -- Philippines  -- Crimea/Dagestan

Sub-Topic: Devolution & Semi-Autonomous Regions: Imperialism led to artificial borders in which the people residing within a particular territory did not necessarily see themselves as belonging to a particular state at all. Because the borders were often drawn arbitrarily, in some groups are broken across several countries. Many states have dealt with this effect of imperialism through granting increased autonomy to a particular group/region, while in other cases those territories break away (or attempt to) through peaceful or violent means. Some countries contain many semi-autonomous micro-states or regions. This is typically the result of New Imperialism, but in many cases is the result of state consolidation as far back as the 1400s or earlier, as in the United Kingdom and Spain.

Cooperation: Often times, the ruling elite or another group within a country that was the target of imperial control cooperated with the dominating country in order to gain or retain the benefits of power.

Egypt -- Persia -- India -- Cuba -- Philippines

Cold War Imperialism: After World War II ended in September of 1944 the global order changed. It used to be that there were several powerful countries that cooperated with and competed against each other to maintain dominance of weaker countries and balancing the power of the others--that changed after WWII with the start of the Cold War.   

Zulu -- Ethiopian


This list is not exhaustive, but provides a representative sample of wars, conflicts, and battles that took place as part of the imperial projects of the countries listed below. These conflicts are relatively non-controversial. However, there are wars where the imperial nature of a war is more perspective-based. For example, the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 is widely considered an example of present-day American Imperialism. Yet, this view is not universal.      


  • Spanish-American War
  • Philippine American War
  • Vietnam War


  • Opium War
  • Anglo-Afghan War
  • Crimean War
  • Battle of Trafalgar
  • Anglo-Russian War
  • Suez War


  • Crimean War
  • First Indochina War
  • French Algerian War
  • Suez War
  • Persian Gulf Campaign of 1809
  • Punjab War (British East India Company)


  • Russo-Japanese War


  • Anglo-Russian War
  • Crimean War



Sykes-Picot Agreement

Berlin Conference & Scramble for Africa

Treaty of Nanjing & Port Treaties

Cultural Imperialism

Economic Imperialism

Gunboat Diplomacy


Open Door Policy


Informal Empire

Legal Imperialism

Direct Rule

Indirect Rule

Sphere of Influence

‘Manifest Destiny’


‘Big Stick’ Policy




Suez Canal

Panama Canal


Monroe Doctrine

Truman Doctrine

‘White Man’s Burden’

‘Brown Man’s Burden’


While the ideas that historical events are primarily driven by the actions of well-known individuals (‘Great Person’ History) is generally not the most useful approach to history, it is worth considering the actions of prominent proponents and resistors of imperial ambition. This list is not exhaustive, but is a representative sample.

Leaders, Proponents, Supporters, & Collaborators (Individuals and Corporations)

Cecil Rhodes & British South Africa Company (British Industrialist)

Resistors (Individuals and Indigenous Groups)

Shaka (Zulu King/General)