PASSWORDS for using Databases from Home are on a Google Doc.
You will use two groups of Library Subscription Research Databases for this paper. One is SIRS from the ProQuest company, the others are Opposing Viewpoints in Context and Global Issues in Context from GALE. For your paper you will need to use both databases to discover information and find articles.
We will talk about databases in class, And why we have multiple different databases.
For comparison, here's the same article from two different databases.
What features are the same and which are different?
EXAMPLE Article: "Does Aid Help?" by Harriet Sergeant published in 2018 in The Spectator , a weekly magazine published in London.
These are additional Databases that contain articles/information on current issues. Much like Netflix and Hulu are both similar services (streaming TV + movies) with different content, different database companies have similar products that may host different content sources.
Tips for Researching with GALE
Your teacher may require some reference to the service you performed as part of your service requirement. Here are some things to remember.
Reminder: Search for what your service was About (i.e. the problem or issue your service organization is trying to address or the community it is trying to serve), not for where you did it or what kind of service you did.
For example, service bagging potatoes at the Oregon Food Bank could be about helping address "Food Insecurity"/ "Hunger" / "Waste" / "Poverty", depending on what is most interesting to you.
Your teacher may require references to relevant Catholic Social Teaching in your paper. Here are some resources.
For a 9th-grader in a non-English-class setting here's what you need to know:
We are not looking for you to have perfectly formatted citations, but an attempt to follow MLA 8th Edition style is required. You can find information on MLA format on the "Citations & Plagiarism" tab on this guide.
We are looking for the Existence of a complete citation and the Effort to follow the format. A URL (website Link) by itself is NOT A CITATION.
1. WHAT is a Complete Citation? A citation consists of two parts:
1) a clear reference in your paper, usually in parentheses, that points your reader to
2) an entry, in a specific format, in a list of "Works Cited" .
Without both things, you haven't cited a source.
(if your work says)
Blah blah blah blah blah said, "blither blather blother bother" (Franklin).
(your "Works Cited" would have an entry like)
Franklin, Tank. "The Blather of Bother." BlitherBlather, 10 Mar. 2023,
2. WHEN do you need a Complete Citation? Any time you use the Words or Ideas (quoting or paraphrasing) from a source other than your own thoughts or personal experiences, you need to make a Complete Citation for where those words or ideas came from. If you learned an idea from somewhere other than your own brain, then you cite it.
example 1: none of you were born with the knowledge of how many people are Homeless in Portland, or the US, or the world, therefore you need to cite a source for that statistic.
example 2: you may have a personal idea or thought about what "Poverty" means, but there may be specific, more official, definitions. It would be better to quote those definitions and cite the source.
If you use a source from one of our databases, and you use the citation that they provide, that's good enough for this assignment. But they are not perfect:, and in the future you'll need to know how to fix them See Below for more explanation
1. Service: Citation is a service to your reader it is an act for others. (Generosity, Kindness)
2. Respect: Citation gives Credit to creators. (Respect, Humility)
3. Authority: Citation makes you look good. (Integrity, Conscientiousness)
4. Self-Defense: Citation protects you against bad things, like Plagiarism and helps identify Misinformation. (Honesty, Responsibility
One bonus of Library databases is that they offer preformatted citations in MLA 8th/9th edition format (and other formats).
MLA 8th edition citations and MLA 9th edition citations are nearly identical. For 9th graders either are acceptable.
These Pre-formatted citations are meant to be used as a guide, as they are rarely perfect, and are not meant to replace the need to understand how to read and create citations.
Here is an example of a preformatted "MLA 8th Edition" citation for an article from SIRS Issues Researcher:
Here's a Citation for the same article from GALE Opposing Viewpoints:
Both citations are "Pretty Good" citations, but neither one is totally correct.
Let's take a look. RED will mean things that are wrong, YELLOW will be things that we may consider changing, and GREEN are things that one database's citation has that the other one is missing.
The SIRS citation:
Note that this resource on SIRS changes the title of the Article, because the database is treating it as a reprint.
The GALE citation:
Here's Improved Versions of the Citation.